What is Front-end development

Front-end development

 is a practice to convert data into a graphical interface for users. It will increase interaction with data and view through digital communication with the use of JavaScript, CSS, and HTML.

There are several platforms and tools to develop an attractive front end of websites.  For web development, you have to understand the pro and beauty of tools, such as SASS, LESS, Javascript, CSS, and HTML.


HTML (Hypertext Markup Language)

HTML is a backbone for web development procedure. Without HTML, a web page can’t exist. Hypertext refers to a text that has embedded hyperlinks. When a visitor clicks on a phrase or word with a hyperlink, it will open another webpage.

A markup language specifies that text may turn into links, tables, images, and other forms. HTML codes provide a framework of the site. HTML5 is the latest version that contains efficient and new ways of handling different elements like audio and video files.

Almost all browser support this language as compared to other programming languages. If you want to increase the visibility of your website, HTML will be the best choice for you. The programmer can optimize their sites with HTML for standard browsers.

Crawlers of search engines can easily access and read your website. HTML can decrease crawling and improve the loading time of your web pages. It can enhance the performance of your site in search results.


CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)

CSS controls different presentation aspects of a website. These elements give a unique look to your site. CSS does this by managing style sheets that remain on the top of other styles based on inputs, such as resolution and screen size.

CSS can improve the styling of HTML content. It can be helpful to create an engaging website by enhancing the aesthetics of the user interface for mobile and web applications. You can get advantage of the content management system in different platforms like Squarespace or WordPress. These platforms are equipped with themes. It allows you to choose the feel and look of your site.

If you want to customize a website on a leading platform, you must have sufficient knowledge of CSS. They enable you to customize the appearance of a site by modifying the CSS codes. A site is essential to represent the image or brand of your company. Your website should make a lasting impression on the target audience and beat the competition.  



It is an imperative event-based programming language. It is opposite to declarative language model of HTML. JavaScript is necessary to transform static pages of HTML into dynamic interfaces.

Codes of this language may use DOM (Document Object Model), delivered by HTML standard. The purpose of the use of these codes is the manipulation of web pages in response to different events, such as user input.

JavaScript code proves helpful to retrieve content from a website with the use of AJAX technique. It may react to server-side activities and give a dynamic nature to your web pages. 

Task Runners JavaScript tools are useful to concatenate several JavaScript and CSS files together, minify JavaScript or CSS files and run a local server to make web development easy. It allows you to look for possible errors and run unit tests of JavaScript. You can run compilation tools for Sass, Less and CoffeeScript.

Broccoli, Gulp, Cake, and Grunt are task runners of JavaScript. Gulp JS and Grunt JS are the most popular task runners than others. They both run on the top of NodeJS. These allow you to spawn your development server, watch to make changes in a file, compile your templates or code, and deploy code. You can do everything with simple commands. They are different in their configuration style, running speed, availability of different plugins and convenience setup.

For best speed and configuration, you can choose Gulp. Grunt is famous for the best plugins and community. Several developers consider Grunt as a go-to task runner of JavaScript. Gulp.js can be a good alternative because of its plugins.



Learner Style Sheets (LESS) is a preprocessor dynamic style sheet language. It is easy to compile into CSS and run on the server or client side. Sass inspires this language and influences the new syntax “SCSS” to adapt its block formatting CSS-like syntax. It is an open source. The first version was inscribed in Ruby, and the later versions have replaced Ruby with JavaScript.

The composition of this language is similar to a nested metalanguage because the valid Less CSS code has identical semantics. The language provides different mechanisms, such as functions, operators, mixins, nesting, and variables. Fundamental different between CSS precompilers and LESS offers real-time compilation through less.js by a browser.      

LESS is easier and faster than other languages. It is a pre-processor of CSS, and it produces simple CSS that work across different browsers. The website will have a clean structure because of Nesting. This language is easy for its well-organized and simple codes over CSS. Updates and modification are easy to achieve by decrease variables. Coding is quicker because the LESS provides details of operators.  

Use of mixins is necessary to resolve the code’s reusability and embed all properties of one class into a new level by including the name of a class.


Syntactically Wauseon Style Sheets (SASS) 

SASS is a stylish scripting preprocessor language to compile or interpret into CSS. This scripting language contains two syntaxes. The primary syntax is known as “indented syntax” that utilizes a syntax parallel to Haml.

It deploys indentation to isolate newline characters and code blocks to distinct rules. The Sassy CSS is a new syntax of SCSS that uses block formatting similar to CSS. It utilizes struts to denote semicolons and code blocks to separate lines in a block. The SCSS and indented syntax files are giving .scss and .sass extensions respectively.

Sass is a robust, stable and mature professional CSS extension language. The language is compatible with each version of CSS. You can use any CSS libraries. Sass boasts maximum abilities and features than other extension languages of CSS. The core team of Sass is working to stay ahead. Some great frameworks designed with Sass are Susy, Bourbon, and Compass.